Common Adult Skin-Problems and Treatment
Skin acts as a barrier against harmful elements present in the surroundings which put it under constant exposure to bacteria and other irritants. This increases the likelihood of contracting infections and allergies. Some skin problems also arise due to other health conditions which show up as symptoms on the skin. These symptoms appear in the form of changes in color and texture of the skin. It is important to track any changes your skin undergoes to prevent the possibility of a severe skin disorder. Here is an overview of some common skin disorders in adults with their treatments.
Herpes zoster is caused by the varicella virus that attacks the nerves. Also known as shingles, this type of herpes appears in the shape of blisters filled with fluid. These blisters often follow a regular pattern and have a sudden onset. In the beginning, you might itch on the site they appear in which then progresses into blisters on the surrounding area of skin. Herpes zoster has to be treated in time to prevent it from causing any lasting damage to the nerves. A doctor may prescribe a course of antiviral medication along with pain-relieving medicines to minimize acute nerve pain that arises with herpes zoster.
Urticaria or hives is a prevalent skin condition which occurs as a result of an allergic reaction. The symptoms of hives differ from person to person. In most cases, they appear as itchy rashes on different parts of the body. Although, hives are caused by exposure to allergens in our surroundings like dust, pollen, dander, cosmetics or food items like nuts, seeds, soy and milk, some medications have also shown to trigger the development of hives. Hives are treated with antihistamines which have to be taken for a couple of weeks to get rid of the rashes and the discomfort they bring.
In this skin disease, skin develops patches of red, scaly skin. These patches tend to itch frequently. Psoriasis is an autoimmune condition which takes places when the immune function starts to attack the cells in the body and cause inflammatory patches on the surface of the skin. These patches bear symptoms like redness and itching which becomes uncontrollable. The condition is treated using a multi-pronged strategy which includes immunosuppressant drugs, steroidal ointments, and anti-inflammatory medicines to minimize the symptoms of the disorder. In severe cases, phototherapy is prescribed to manage Psoriasis.
Skin tags are tiny growths that develop on creases and folds of skin. The root cause of skin tags remains unknown, but there are some factors which have shown to increase their chances. These include obesity, lack of hygiene, diabetes or hormonal imbalances. Although skin tags do not cause any threat to a person’s health, people opt to get them removed because of their ugly appearance. There are many methods of removing skin tags like excision, freezing, ligation or by natural means. These days many at-home skin tag removal kits have been made available which makes it easier to remove skin tags in the comfort of your home. These kits come with detailed instructions and tools to help you remove them in the safest way possible.
The symptom of this skin disorder is white patches on the skin which may be large or small and can affect any part of a person’s body. The condition takes place due to the insufficient pigment in melanocytes within the skin. With lack of pigment, the skin begins to lose its color and acquires a whitish appearance on specific areas. The treatment of vitiligo depends on the cause. In case of loss of pigment in melanocytes, the vitiligo is treated by a pigment releasing the hormone which leads to a spurt in the release of melanocytes in the body. This treatment is done in conjunction with U V therapy to yield better results. Vitiligo caused by autoimmune conditions is treated with immune-suppressing drugs. Some types of vitiligo have a tendency to spread to other parts of the body. Use of corticosteroid ointments has shown to stop the spread of white patches to other body parts.
Rosacea is the term given to a condition which causes severe redness on the face. The disease is caused due to inflamed blood vessels inside the skin which show up as reddened areas on the surface of the skin. The situation often accompanies acne-like bumps or in rare cases, inflammation in the eyes. The treatment involves medicines to constrict the swollen blood vessels to reduce the redness on the face. Antibiotics are also prescribed to treat the lesions on the patches. If the lesions fail to respond to other treatments, isotretinoin may be used to clear up the pimples. Laser treatment is another option to reduce redness caused by swollen blood vessels.
by Harvey Lee
Harvey lives with his wife, daughter, and two golden retrievers in one of the many stone houses in Stamford, UK. He is a freelance writer and a content strategist with many top health and beauty product companies like Tagband UK: makers one of the most popular skin tag removal devices in U.K. When he is not working he can be found sipping coffee in one of the cafe’s overlooking river Welland.